woodcut

A cheap and durable way of reproducing an image from a carved wooden block, inked and applied to paper.

Printing from woodblocks and engraved metal plates evolved at more or less the same time in late 15th century Europe; printing from metal plates can give finer lines, but wood is cheaper, requires less pressure in the press and can be set with letterpress, so that an illustrated sheet can be printed as part of the same, single process.