Copper engraving, 39.5 x 49.5 cm, modern hand colour, Latin text on verso.
Van den Broecke stresses the sigificance of this map of Gaul: “in contrast to plate Ort 194 [Gallia vetus, based on Caesar’s commentaries], this map of Gaul is based on ancient geographical rather than on ancient military sources, and is much more detailed. It contains the largest amount of text to be found on any map by Ortelius … testifying the importance he attached to it. It contains all elements of Ortelius as a true Renaissance scholar.” Our example was published by Balthasar Moretus at the Plantin Press, in the final edition of the Parergon. Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum is generally considered the first modern atlas of the world, originally published in 1570. Ortelius gathered and selected the best available cartographic knowledge and presented it in a single volume, duly credited and finely engraved in a consistent style, with explanatory text. The Theatrum was very decorative and hugely popular amongst the wealthy and educated, running into over forty editions in Latin and the major European languages. For Ortelius himself, however, his accompanying atlas of ancient geography, the Parergon, was a “personal work” (Koeman). He seems to have regarded himself, first and foremost, as an antiquary and, rather than copying other people’s maps, he drew the originals himself; they were subsequently engraved for him by the master engraver Jan Wierix. The results “have to be evaluated as the most outstanding engravings depicting the wide-spread interest in classical geography in the 16th century” (Koeman).
Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, Ort 46; Van den Broecke 196.2.