Folding lithographed map, 81 x 68 cm, printed in colours, dissected into 30 panels and laid on linen, very light staining top left, folding into red cloth covers with green printed publisher’s label. Our example is revised to November 1 1897.
Stanford’s produced at least two distinct maps of the North West Frontier in the 1890s. The first was aimed at the general public and (although also sold separately) included in the second trade edition of Stanford’s ‘London Atlas’ published in 1894; it would have been an expensive undertaking (the depiction of relief is very detailed) and it is a good indicator of public interest, fired by the negotiations between Mortimer Durand’s commission and the Amir of Afghanistan, and general British paranoia about a Russian invasion of India.
Stanford’s London Atlas map also covered the Pamirs and a substantial part of Afghanistan. Our ‘sketch map’ map is entirely different, covering a smaller geographical region in greater detail, from Jhelum in the south to the Wakhun Corridor and the ‘Russian sphere of Influence’ above the Oxus to the north. It may be a revised version of a ‘sketch map’ introduced in 1895.
In the late 19th century the North West Frontier was the scene of a series of punitive expeditions mounted by the British against the local Pashtun tribes, but 1897-98 saw a general outbreak among tribes which had been brought within the British sphere of influence in the negotiations of 1893-4, resulting in the first Mohmand Campaign and related expeditions. The Tochi Valley Expedition was mounted in Waziristan, in the lower left corner of the map; the garrison at Malakand northeast of Peshawar was besieged (and relieved in August 1897 by a force which included a young Lieutenant Churchill); fighting in the Tirah Campaign, against the Afridis, ended in December, although negotiations continued into Spring 1898, and the Malakand Field Force was disbanded in January.